Friday, October 19, 2018

DID YOU KNOW? (193)

                        DID YOU KNOW? (193)
Some are Machmir not to have pictures taken under the חופה during the Kiddushin. It is very possible that the עידי קידושין will miss seeing the חתן placing the ring on the כלה'ס finger if the camera flashes go off at the same time.

   

Thursday, October 18, 2018

KEEP THE WITCHES OUT


KEEP THE WITCHES OUT

The חיד"א מורא באצבע 7:190 writes:

 " This is a כלל גדול you should not follow any Minhag, unless

a) you know the מקור (source) of it from חז"ל, or
b) Authentic כתבי אריז"ל or
c) you know the true reason behind the Minhag".


I looked into the Minhag of the Mezinka dance with a broom at the חתונה of the youngest child.

With the help of אוצר החכמה & Hebrewbooks.org, I discovered no such Minhag is ever mentioned in Chazal, Kisvei Arizal, or in any Sefer printed 50 years ago or before.

This מנהג אבותינו בידינו is not mentioned anywhere in
the Seforim of the previous generations.

With the help of Google, I did find the true reason behind the Minhag.


The original is in German followed with a very rough Google translation in English.
Bei Hochzeiten einiger Zigeunervölker gehörte ein Sprung über einen Besen zum Ritual.
.Der Ursprung dieses Rituals könnte darauf zurückgehen,dass man annahm, dass Hexen keinen Besen überschreiten oder -
springen können, sodass beispielsweise ein Besen, der Stiel auf dem Boden, vor der Haustüre Zauberer und Hexen davon abhalten
soll, das Haus zu betreten. Am Unvermögen, einen Besen zu überschreiten,soll man sie daher erkennen können. Paradox
erscheint hier, dass Hexen einen Besen nicht übersteigen, jedoch auf ihm reiten können.Dies verweist auf die verschiedenen
volkstümlichen Ausrichtungen des mittelalterlichen Aberglauben

ROUGH ENGLISH TRANSLATION
At weddings of some gypsy peoples heard a jump over a broom 
to the ritual.The origin of this ritual could be traced
back to the assumption that witches can not cross or jump
over a broom, 
so that, for example, a broom, the stalk on the floor,
on the doorstep should prevent wizards and witches from
entering the house.
Inability to cross a broom should therefore be recognized.
Paradox appears here, that witches can not exceed a broom,
but can ride on it. This refers to the various popular
orientations of medieval superstition.

Wednesday, October 17, 2018

Parshas Lech Lecha- Are You Allowed To Daven At Kever Rochel

לז"נ הקדושים
,הרב הגאון ר' מרדכי יהודה דונט
ראש ישיבת הרמה פרעסבורג
 אשתו, ושמונה בניהם הי"ד י' מרחשון



 
                             DAVENING AT KEVER ROCHEL
                         ARE YOU ALLOWED TO?

In Shulchan Aruch
(Y.D. 367:3) it says “You may not Daven within 4 אמות of a Kever". (לועג לרש)

The שו"ת מנחת אלעזר ח"ג: נ"ג  struggles to find a Heter to Daven at  Kever Rochel & קברי צדיקים.


At the end of a lengthy Teshuva, he is מתיר to Daven at Kever Rochel etc. since the צדיק (Rochel) brings up our תפילות to the כסא הכבוד, therefore, our Davening there  becomes a לכבוד המת which is מותר as mentioned in Shulchan Aruch ס' י"ז) מותר לומר פסוקים ודרשה לכבוד המת  (שד"מ

The גשר החיים כ"ט ס"ק י"א  writes,"R. Shmuel Salant zt"l was מקפיד not to Daven in the inner room of Kever Rochel, so as not be עובר the איסור of לועג לרש".

 




 



Tuesday, October 16, 2018

Parshas Lech Lecha - Where is Kever Rachel

                             Where is קבר רחל?  

  (הוא מצבת קברת רחל עד היום (בראשית לה:כ                                       

We all know that Kever Rochel is in Bais Lechem,10 kilometers south of Yerushalayim.

According to the some Rishonim (רלב"ג, חזקוני, *רמב"ן פרשת ויחי) Kever Rochel is not in Bais Lechem (south of Yerushalayim) but in רמה (north of Yerushalayim)

According to the Rishonim, who claim that Kever Rochel is north of Yerushalayim, 3 difficulties are solved.

1) In 'שמואל א': י':ב it says "קברת רחל בגבול בנימן" - Bais Lechem is in Yehuda, not Binyamin.

2) Rashi in Parshas ויחי quotes the פסיקתא רבתי, " Yakov told Yosef he buried Rochel on the road ע"פ הדיבור so she will help her children when נבוזארדן will forcefully take them from Yerushalayim to Bavel.
When they will pass by Kever Rochel, she will come out from her Kever and cry -  'רחל מבכה על בניה וכו--

If Kever Rochel is in Bais Lechem (south of Yerushalayim) why would they be passing her Kever on the way to Bavel which is north of Yerushalayim?

3) In 
( ספרי (פרשת וזאת הברכה, פסקא שנ"ב it says, ר' מאיר אומר בחלקו של בנה מתה Rochel died in her sons חלק (Binyamin & not Yehudah)
The חזקוני explains it is a כבוד to  be buried in her children's חלק (family plot). 
  

* The Ramban changed his mind in פרשת וישלח



Monday, October 15, 2018

When Is Rocel Imeinu's Yahrzeit


When is די מאמע רחל'ס Yahrzeit?


According to the פסיקתא רבתי, Rochel Imeinu died between Pesach & Shavuos when the ground was dry (see Rashi Breishis 48:7 who seems to agree)

The ילקוט שמעוני writes, she died on the 11th of Cheshvan.

In one of the dead sea scrolls,* it is written that she died on the 10th of Teves.



*Sefarim Chitzonim, not Chazal
     


The Jewish State of Uganda

Parshas Hashavua לך לך

The Chasam Sofer (Parshas ויחי P 245) quotes the Kuzari who says that לעתיד לבא (in the near future) מצרים will be part of ארץ ישראל.

The תרגום ירושלמי & the תרגום המיוחס לר' יונתן בן עוזיאל translate מנהר מצרים  - מנילוס מצרים 
 (Breishis 15-18)  (The Ibn Ezra, Rashi & others agree with the Targum. The Radvaz and other Rishonim argue and claim נהר מצרים can't be the Nile.)

At the ברית בין הבתרים, Hashem promised the land to Avraham Avinu extending the border all the way to the Nile. (Cairo)

Perhaps Hashem promised the border to extend the full length of the Nile. The whole 4,200 miles all the way down south.
אמבצי

If this should be true, then Eretz Yisroel will swallow up not only מצרים but in total eleven countries, namely Tanzania, Uganda, Rwanda,  Burundi, D.R. Congo, Kenya, Ethiopia, Eritrea, South Sudan, Republic of Sudan and Egypt.


 

The Eibshitzer Get-Parshas Lech Lecha

  Parshas Hashavua                                   

                                         The Eibshitzer Get
 


The Sefer
טיב גטין writes, that in the city of Ebshitz there was a Get that the Sofer wrote on it  “ דיתבא על נהר אייבושיץ” The מהר"ל  the לבוש and the מהר"ו אב"ד קראקא were מתיר the Get.

In Shulchan Aruch E.H. 128:4 it says, that the Minhag is to write next to the name of the city  the name of the river or body of water where the city is situated at. (not to confuse two cities with same name*) If the Get has the wrong name of the river, it is Pasul.**

The river in Eibshitz had a name but the Sofer  didn’t write its name.
He wrote instead, “Eibshitz situated at the Eibshitzer River”.

The above Poskim were
מתיר the Get because we find
In this week’s Parsha (Breishis 15:18) The Torah calls it
מנהר מצרים
(The Mitzrayim River) and doesn’t call it by its name. We see from here
that not naming the river but  just describing the location of the river is
not considered the wrong name & therefore the Get was Kosher.


* There are two Frankfurts and are identified by the river 1)  Frankfurt de Main 2) Frankfurt de Oder.
I wonder how they  a Get in London UK since both London UK & London ON (Canada) have a Thames River.
** R. Moishe Feinstein zt"l held, that for a Get in Brooklyn we write
דיתבא על נהר איסט ריווער     (situated at the River East River) the word river in East River is part of the name (unlike מים אחרונים water etc.)