Toras Aba- The Torah Matzav

Friday, September 23, 2016

Rosh Hashana Riddle

When is it obligatory (חיוב) to send 

Mishloach Manos on Rosh Hashana?

Thursday, September 22, 2016

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Reservations To Uman ???

                                                                                          A grave matter


The Satmarer Rebbe, Harav Hagaon R. Yoel Teitelbaum zt"l (Al Hageulah V’al Hatemurah 108) writes,"Visiting Kivrei Tzadikim is only for people who understand and know how to connect with the Tzadik. Those who are not at that Madreigah (level), for them there is no point  to go to Kivrei Tzadikim".

Wednesday, September 21, 2016

Honey , Its A Date

                        Teitelbaums are the best

In the times of the Chasam Sofer, Chasidus in Hungary  wasn’t  as popular as in the Ukraine and Poland.
 When Chasidus  started to infiltrate Hungarian communities the Chasam Sofer  was not too supportive of it .
 He wrote “ Chodosh Assur min Hatora בין לאיסור (Chasidim)  bein בין להיתר (L’havdil reform)

One of the first and foremost Chasidic Rebbes  in Hungary
was the Yismach Moshe (R. Moishe Teitelbaum Zt"l , Rov in Uhel Hungary-great grandfather of R. Yoilish Teitelbaum Zt"l the Satmarer rebbe )
The Chasam Sofer had many arguments (regarding chasidus) with the Yismach Moshe some, are printed In the Teshuvos.
One of  the arguments the Chasam Sofer had with the Yismach Moshe was about kabbala being  introduced to the masses.

Chasidim   adopted Kabbala for the masses, and the Chasam Sofer argued and  held that Kabbala is not for the masses.

The Chasam Sofer felt that the Yismach Moishe  had accused him of overstepping the line
in criticizing  Chasidim.

The Chasam Sofer sent him a letter of apology, informing him  that he didn’t say what the Yismach Moshe thought he said, therefore the Yismach Moshe owes him a brocho. (Choshed Biksheirim) The Chasam Sofer concludes that he still disagrees with him.

The Chasam Sofer was trying to appease the Yismach Moshe  by asking him the following question.
How  do chazal know that Dvash of the Shivas Haminim are dates.

He answered, that  by  Bikurim it says מראשית (the first and also the best)   Chazal knew the sweetest and best honey (nectar) comes from dates.  Teitelbaum  is a
Date tree . (Tshuvas Chasam Sofer Orach Chaim #197)



(Tshuvas Chasam Sofer end of Chelek 7- Kovetz Teshuvas #36)

Why A Date ? -Parshas Hashavua -Parshas Ki Savo

  PARSHAS HASHAVUA

  ולקחת מראשית : אין מביאין ביכורים אלא משבעת המינים (מנחות פ"ד ב')

The pasuk in Parshas ויקרא * says “כי כל שאור וכל דבש לא תקטירו” 
Rashi explains, the translation of  "דבש"  is sweets (nectar) 
derived  from any   fruit (כל מתיקת פרי קרוי דבש)

How did Chazal know that one of the Shivas Haminim   are dates ,  
If  sweets derived from any fruit,  is called דבש maybe it is an apple 
or some other fruit?

*2:11

Tuesday, September 20, 2016

דינא דמלכותא במדינת ישראל

Daf Hashavua
Bava Kama 113a

 והאמר שמואל דינא דמלכותא דינא    

There is a Machlokes Rishonim if Dina D'malchusa is 
applicable in a Jewish Malchus.
According to the רמב"ם & רשב"ם D.D. is applicable
even in Eretz Yisroel with a Jewish Government.

According to the ר"ן the land belongs to the Shevatim
and all of Bnei Yisroel, therefore the Malchus has no power 
of Dina D'malchusa.



b) Laws that the populace  accepted amongst themselves 
and are willing to pay taxes because it benefits the inhabitants 
even the ר"ן will agree D.D. applies in a Jewish Malchus."

Today with the State of Israel whose government is non-Frum,
according to,

a) Harav E. Henkin & Harav Ovadya Yosef zt"l, all the laws 
(not opposing Torah) must be followed because of D.D.

b) Harav Y.S. Elyashiv zt"l, held it is a Safek*

c) The Chazon Ish  holds  there is no D.D. in 
Medinas Yisroel.

Most Poskim would probably agree,
1) D.D. is applicable on traffic laws and building codes etc.
2) Those who benefit from the social programs may not
cheat on their taxes.

*The אבני מילואים אבהע"ז כ"ח & חת"ס יו"ד ב' שי"ד
both argue on the בית שמואל כ"ח:ג  and hold
D.D. is דאורייתא , therefore might be a
ספק דאורייתא








Monday, September 19, 2016

The Dikduk Matzav

                                לז"נ ר' יחיאל בן הרב אליעזר ע"ה                           
יום השנה- ט"ו אלול                                      


 No Dikduk

 The Chavas Yair #124 writes:
 “Learning  Chochmas Hadikduk
is important and necessary only, for the basics.( , נכח-נסתר  ,זכר-נקיבה
, עבר-עתיד,יחיד-רבים,etc.)
Wasting days learning various different בינינים is not important”.
The Tashbatz 1:33 writes ,” Not knowing Dikduk doesn’t reduce
the Ma’alos of a Talmid Chacham”.


In Shu”t Ha’Rema (5-6-7) there are exchanges of letters from  the Maharshal who criticizes the Rema for writing Teshuvos with Dikduk  mistakes." כי כתביו הם חומה פרוצה לרוב בנוכח ונסתר" 

The Rema admits to him that his writing is not fluent. He says that he is careful to make his point clear and understood, and that is more important than proper grammar. Only a Sefer Torah, needs to be exact with the wording.

 The Rema continues , he is not trying
to brag about it but he never learned Dikduk in his life.

It seems, the lack of Dikduk study goes back, way before the Maskilim reintroduced it.