Toras Aba- The Torah Matzav

Friday, October 14, 2016

Happy Chanuka

                               ימי שמחה 

The Mogen Avraham  (O.Ch 625) quotes from the Maharil
not to fast or say Tachanun between Yom Kippur and Sukkos, 
because they are ימי שמחה  
We commemorate the Chanukas Hamizbeiach in the time of
Shlomo Hamelech.
The Levush writes  the reason is, Hashem doesn’t count 

the חטאים untill the first day Succhos.

The Sixth Seasons

Rashi on זרע וקציר וקור וחם וקיץ וחרף (Breishis 8:22),
quotes the Gemoro  Bava Metzia 103b.
There are six seasons in the year, each lasting for two months.
The first season of Zera starts in Chatzi (15) Tishrei.

My father a"h said, on the famous Midrash on
ולקחתם לכם ביום הראשון"- Rishon L'cheshbon
Avonos. Perhaps the orignal girsa was עונות
instead of עוונות (difference in spelling only one vav)
Seasons instead of sins.

The first day of Sukkos (15 Tishrei ) is the first day of the
first season” Zera”.

The Gemoro says that the Na'anuim (shaking of the Lulav)
rids the world,from harmful winds and dew. TheTorah said
the Lulav should be taken on the first day of  זרע

to rid the planting season from harmful weather.

More Gedolim Pictures For The Sukka

He was the Mechaber of one of the most popular Seforim
(can be found in almost every Bais Medrash)  

Who is this mystery Mechaber?

For answer Click Here

Thursday, October 13, 2016

Gedolim Pictures For The Sukka


As children, many of us were led to believe 
that Avraham Avinu, Moishe Rabeinu etc. 
wore a Shtreimel and the שמונה בגדים of the 
Chasidishe Rebbes.

Many adults are not aware and wouldn't
believe that there were Gedolei Olam who did not 
cover their head, (even during Davening) 

were clean shaven and even wore a wig.

R. Dovid Nieto Rav in London
Mechaber: Mateh Dan Kuzari Sheini
wore a shaitel
a friend of the ChachamTzvi

Fought the Shabsi Tzvi.
R. Yehuda Arye Modini
No headcover.
Mechaber: Sefer Ari Noham
Bais Lechem Yehuda etc.
Piyut יום זה יהי משקל כל חטאתי
R. Moishe Chafetz
no headcover clean shaven
Mechaber: Meleches Machsheves.
Mechaber: Mesilas Yeshorim etc.
clean shaven


                                                                               אשמנו בגדנו גזלנו     

One of the Vidui booklets in English who claims 
it's based on the Chayai Adam & Otzar Hatefilos
adds to the Vidui of גזלנו  "disturbing someone's 
I checked the Chayai Adam, Otzar Hatefilos &
Chida and none of them mention גזל שינה .
under  גזלנו

 גזל שינה (robbing sleep) is not mentioned
in Shas Bavli, Yerushalmi or any of the Poskim.
(pre Chofetz Chaim)

The first Mokor (source) is in the Sefer Chofetz Chaim.

R. Ch. Kaniyevski shlita said it has no connection to

Hilchos גזילה but a Musar concept of ואהבת לרעך.        

Monday, October 10, 2016

Forcing The angles

מלאכים (angels) acting as intermediates
for the Tefilos ,is mentioned in the Gemoro (Shabbos 12b).

Tefilos directed to the  מלאכים* started in the times of the 
Gaonim. We find in Selichos, Pizmonim & Piyutim where we 
daven directly to the מלאכים.

Kabbalists  had a  practice of  forcing an oath on 
the מלאכים.  (  משביעין את המלאכים ).
Hashem gives permission to the מלאכים to do as they 
are commanded (by humans) even if the recipients  are 
not worthy and have no zechusim for the favour. (Levush)

There used to be a Minhag for Chazanim to force an 
oath on the מלאכים.
The Chazanim were concerned, an עין הרע will cause them to lose
their voice during Davening.  

The Chazanim had a Nusach they said, before saying המלך.(Yomim Noroim)
בשם שמעי' -------(שמות של מלאכים)---- אני פלוני בן פלוני משביע אני עליכם  (
שתסייעו לי שאתפלל היום בקול רם ונעים וערב ואל יחר גרוני ואל ילאה רוחי וכוחי
(In the name of the Malochim --- I Ploni the son of Ploni, place a Shevuah
on you (Malochim) that you will help me to Daven today with a voice
that is loud, pleasant  and sweet, and my throat shouldn’t anger (cough)
and my spirit and strength shouldn’t tire.)  
The Levush (O.Ch.584) was against this השבעה (oath). He claims it
is wrong to force Hashem to accept your Tefillos**. The acceptance of
Tefillos is dependant on the כוונת הלב,and you may not force it.
The second issue the Levush had against it, was, Hefsek, The Nusach was
said after ברוך שאמר.(before Hamelech)
The Levush suggest to eliminate it altogether and if not possible, then it
should be said beforeברוך שאמר.

*Many Poskim(Maharal, Vilna Gaon< Chasam Sofer etc.)
were against it, but weren’t successful,in stopping  it.

** loss of voice would be a sign of non acceptance of Tefilos

Don't Forget To Make Kiddush

      Kiddush on Yom Kippur

Mitzvos  דאורייתא (Min Hatorah) requires Kavanah,
otherwise, you are not יוצא.
Kiddush on Friday night is דאורייתא .

Kiddush on Yom Kippur is a Machlokes between R.Akiva
Eiger who holds it is not דאורייתא * and the Chasam Sofer
(Hagahos O.Ch.271) who holds it is a Mitzvah דאורייתא  to
make Kiddush on Yom Kippur.

According to the Chasam Sofer when Davening the
Shmonah Esrei on Yom Kippur night you are required to
 have in mind (Kavanah) when saying
ברוך – מקדש ישראל ויום הכפורים
to be יוצא מצות קידוש.
According to Mori V'Rabi Harav Hagaon R. Shlomo Miller Shlita,
"Those who are unaware that this Bracha is the Kiddush for יו"כ
are מתעסק which is worse than not having Kavanah.
Everybody will agree in this case you are not  יוצא מצות קידוש
even according to R.A. Eiger who holds it's דרבנן ".

*Yom Kippur that falls on Shabbos
even R.A.E. will admit it's Deorysa

and needs Kavanah