Tuesday, August 21, 2018

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Monday, August 20, 2018

Did you know? (135)


The מחבר in Shulchan Aruch (E.H. 169: 57)
writes, "in  סדר אשכנז, it is written, When they
stand to do the חליצה the Rov should make this 
Bracha
בא"י אמ"ה אקב"ו במצות וחוקים של א"א

The reason for it is because of the Chazal 
בשכר שאמר אברהם ועד שרוך נעל זכו בניו
למנעל של חליצה"

The מחבר adds, that we say this Bracha without
שם ומלכות.

When And Who


הלכה מפורשת בשו"ע

When and who makes this Bracha?

ברוך אתה ה' - אשר קדשנו במצותיו וצונו
במצות וחוקים של אברהם אבינו

Is It A Minhag


Parshas Mishpatim 

תמים תהי' עם ה' אלוקך

Frum Yidden trust in Hashem & have no fear of witchcraft





The Sefer שלחן העזר quotes the סהמ"ט* (I don't know the Roshei Teivos- Please help)   "Chasanim & Kallos before walking down to the Chupa untie all the knots they are wearing. 

The reason for doing so is to prevent from כשפים (witchcraft) which might put a spell on the couple and prevent them from having relations.

Another option of making this witchcraft ineffective is by placing a piece of gold or a gold coin in the Chosson's pocket.

The above is not a Minhag but a Segula people adopted to prevent witchcraft from harming them.

The יראים & תמימים (who fear & trust Hashem) rely on  תמים תהי' עם ה' אלוקך & שומר מצוה לא ידע דבר רע (Don't bother unknotting)"


*I suspect this Sefer to be the Mokor (origin) of  this Minhag



Thursday, August 16, 2018

Whats First


                  ת"ר אשר בנה, אשר נטע ,אשר ארש ,לימדה
תורה ד"א שיבנה אדם בית ויטע כרם ואח"כ ישא אשה               
  (Sotah 44a)
When going to war the above questions were asked in this order, to teach us priorities in life  Build a house first, plant a vineyard and then get married.

The Satmar Rebbe, Reb Yoilish zt”l   ('ויואל משה, לה"ק ב) writes, that this Chazal refers to a second marriage. For the first marriage,  marriage comes first, even before Parnasah and housing.
His proof is, The minimum age to serve in the army was 20 years. A person who at age 20, isn’t married is a חוטא (sinner) and wasn’t eligible to go to war.

For a 20-year-old, who never got married, these questions would not be applicable, The Pasuk must be referring to someone who was married once before at age 18 and is up to his second marriage.
Therefore the Rebbe concludes that this order in Chazal is not applicable only for a second marriage. A bachur getting
for the first time need not worry about housing or Parnassah before getting married.


Wednesday, August 15, 2018

What happened to the צדיק?

This week in Parshas Shoftim it says ומי האיש הירא ורך הלבב

Chazal Darshan he is fearful of the עבירות in his hand.

Even for minor עבירות, one gets sent home.


The ones who go to war don't have any עבירות. Only

true צדיקים can go out to the battlefield.


So how is it possible for this same צדיק to come home a

week later (Parsha כי תצא) with a  יפת תואר?









Reb Sholom Schwadron zt"l answered this question with

a one-liner    "כאן קודם צבא, כאן אחר צבא"

IT'S ALSO DANGEROUS

לז"נ מלכה בת ר' עמרם ע"ה - ג' אלול

Parshas Hashavua

Perhaps if we change the
גירסא
 from

           "שאסרו חז"ל מפני הסכנה שלא לקוץ אילן העושה פירות" 
                                                   

                                                                 
TO

                                       
שאמרו חז"ל שיש סכנה
לקוץ אילן העושה פירות

would solve the קושיא on the ט"ז

It is the Torah who forbade us to cut the
tree

but Chazal said that it is a
סכנה
to do so.
(There are additional Chumros when

סכנה
is involved.)
This סימן in שלחן ערוך discusses various different things that are אסור because of
סכנה. All  the ט"ז is trying to do is add another סכנה of Chazal that we should avoid.אמבצ

As far as I am aware, there is no other איסור דאורייתא  where Chazal tell us there is
a physical danger transgressing the Mitzvah.

 BTW. The
איסור
 of cutting down fruit trees
is not mentioned anywhere in Shulchan Aruch
.
The
טור
 (Ch. M. 382) does mention it indirectly.


            Some incorrectly answered that Chazal forbade cutting the tree even when it would be מותר מדאורייתא
            (more profitable)
This answer is totally incorrect.

There is no such Chazal. On the contrary, Chazal (Bava Kama 91-92) said you may cut down a fruit tree if the profit is greater than the tree.
The ראש adds even if it is not more profitable but  the space is needed.
The ט"ז a few lines later writes that he himself was מתיר to cut down a fruit tree so they can build a house in its place.

It is true that צוואת ר"י החסיד forbids cutting down the tree even in such a case because of סכנה but that is not Chazal Assering.