Toras Aba- The Torah Matzav

Monday, January 23, 2017

שבור מלכא

לז"נ הרב מנחם בן הרב שמואל דונט זצ"ל
יום השנה כ"ד טבת                

Daf Hashavua
Bava Metzia 119a

                                           *שבור מלכא

King ארדשיר (r. 224–242) was  the founder of the Sasanian 
dynasty (Persian) He had a son שבור מלכא who succeeded him.

Sh'vor Malka's mother was  איפרא הורמז (mentioned numerous 
times in Shas)

ארדשיר together with his son שבור מלכא conquered Bavel 
from the Romans. There is a  town in Bavel named
 ארדשיר (Gittin 6a)

Until שבור מלכא became king  the Yidden suffered terribly
under the Persians.
They were big רשעים. Rav said "rather under a Nochri
(Romans) than under a Chabor. (Shabbos 11a).

Their priests are known in Chazal as the חברים
(The correct pronunciation is Chaborim - (Chabor)
with a Bais and not with a Vais [see איוב מ: ל])

They worshiped fire and wouldn't allow the lighting of 
Chanukah candles. (Shabbos 45a)

שבור מלכא ruled in the year 240-271. He was very
friendly to the Yidden. There was even peace and 
tolerance between the Chaborim & Yidden.

שבור מלכא was very interested in the Mitzvohs and 
Minhagim of the Yidden. He even followed some
of their Minhagim.
He was a very close friend with שמואל the אמורא. 
Shmuel was also his advisor.

 שבור מלכא never killed any Yidden 
except for once when he killed 12,000 Yidden. The 
Gemoro (Moed Katan 26a) says it was their own fault 
because they rebelled against him. 

Shmuel himself was referred by רבא as שבור מלכא
(Pesachim 54a) Rashi explains because the Halacha
is like Shmuel the same as the laws of שבור מלכא.

The סדר הדורות  writes the reason he picked this
name was because Shmuel was so close to שבור מלכא.

Now we can have a clearer understanding of
the last Rashi & Tosfos in Bava Metzia.

  the1st שבור מלכא*

סליקא לה מסכת בבא מציעא                

Friday, January 20, 2017

The Terumas Hadeshens Riddle

לז"נ האי גברא רבה איש החסד והמעש
 ר' יהושע חזקיהו  ב"ר אברהם זצ"ל*
יום השנה כ"ב טבת 

Riddle from the תרומת הדשן

A chicken jumped on the apple tree and apples fell off the tree.  You may not eat the apples. A few minutes later the 
chicken laid an egg. 

Now you may eat the apples?

Thursday, January 19, 2017

צאינה וראינה

The Sefer צאינה וראינה authored by R. Yakov b Yitzchok 
Ashkenazi  - (1550-1624) was geared specifically for 
women who didn't understand Loshon Hakodesh.

It is a collection of beautiful Midrashim in Yiddish,
Until about 80 years ago the most popular Sefer 
(after Siddur & Tehillim)  that Yiddish-speaking women 
possessed, was the צאינה וראינה.

It was very common in those days for women to be illiterate
, They had a "Zogerrin". one who would read 
the צאינה וראינה   for groups of women.

There is a well-known Midrash quoted by many but is 
not to be found in any Midrash we have today. The first 
and only Mokor (source) for it is the צאינה וראינה

"Originally Bris Milah was performed with a sharpened stone as mentioned in the Parsha how Tziporah performed the Bris with a stone.

Because the metal helmet on Golias's head allowed the rock Dovid Hamelech threw to penetrate and hit Golias's forehead, therefore metal was rewarded and all Brisos from then on are performed  only with metal knives."

Wednesday, January 18, 2017

Todays Torah Trivia -Where Else ???

When Davening Sh'moneh Esrei & saying Kedusha one should keep his feet together
(O.Ch 95:1- 125:2)

Where else should one keep his feet together?


Tuesday, January 17, 2017

Parshas Shemos -Survived Chilbirth

One of the Rishonim* writes the reason, women
giving birth are called חיה from the Pasuk
     כי חיות הנה

The Mishna says על ג' עבירות נשים מתות בשעת לידתן 

Women who survive childbirth were מקיים the 
3 Mitzvohs, therefore, they are חיות (alive).

שיטה לבעל הצרורות *

תענית ב' ע"א

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Monday, January 16, 2017

No miscarriages

The original תקנה of שובבים ת"ת (fasting & Tikunim  the
8 weeks starting from Parshas שמות) was intended only
for leap years.

The Levush O. Ch. 685 writes," one of the reasons we fast  on
שובבים ת"ת so that pregnant women shouldn’t miscarry.

During leap years, it is more common for women to miscarry.
We fast 8 times for the last 8 months of pregnancy.
(first month [40 days] is not considered a miscarriage) . 

It is appropriate to start on Parshas שמות, where it 

says    ובני ישראל פרו וישרצו "